Defined emotionally and colourfully by Karl Marx as ‘the scum, the leavings, the refuse of all classes’, he included amongst their number swindlers, confidence tricksters, brothel-keepers, rag-and-bone merchants, organ-grinders, beggars, and other ‘flotsam of society’ (see The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, 1852). They were a ‘class fraction’ in that they constituted the political power-base for Louis Bonaparte in 1848. Here, the financial aristocracy of Louis-Philippe displayed an enormous appetite for wealth created through financial gambles, where both the manner of acquiring that wealth and the enjoying of it went against ‘bourgeois law’. In this sense, both the proletariat and the bourgeoisie were progressive, advancing the historical process by developing the labour-power of human species-being and their all round capacities, whereas the lumpenproletariat was marginal, unproductive, and also regressive.
Paradoxically, contemporary sociologists are as much concerned with many of the supposedly marginal social categories which Marx dismissed under this label (who are now seen as the victims of modern society), as they are with the major class protagonists which he situated at the heart of the historical process.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Lumpenproletariat — (a German word meaning raggedy proletariat ) is a term first defined by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in The German Ideology (1845) and later elaborated on in works by Marx.In The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon (1852), Marx refers to the… …   Wikipedia

  • LUMPENPROLETARIAT — LUMPENPROLÉTARIAT C’est une importante catégorie de l’analyse marxiste que celle de lumpenprolétariat (prolétariat en haillons). Selon celle ci, le capitalisme présente un double aspect: d’une part, toutes oppositions antérieures s’effacent… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • lumpenproletariat — LUMPENPROLETARIÁT s.n. (În terminologia marxistă) Categorie de oameni declasaţi (cerşetori, vagabonzi, aventurieri) proveniţi din diferite pături sociale, ca urmare a şomajului şi a pauperizării. [pr.: ri at] – Din germ. Lumpenproletariat. Trimis …   Dicționar Român

  • lumpenproletariat — 1897, from Ger. Lumpenproletariat (1850), from Karl Marx, who coined it to mean rabble, poorest of the working class, from Ger. lump ragamuffin + PROLETARIAT (Cf. proletariat). Secondary sense of boorish, stupid people led to lumpen being taken… …   Etymology dictionary

  • lumpenproletariat — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. lumpenproletariatacie, blm {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} środowisko ludzi wykolejonych, zdeklasowanych, niemających żadnych kwalifikacji, określonego zawodu, stałej pracy, żyjących w nędzy : {{/stl 7}}{{stl… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Lumpenproletariat — Lump en*pro*le*tar i*at, n. (Politics) the lowest level of the proletariat, comprising unskilled workers, the unemployed, and the dispossessed, alienated from the class with with they would normally identify and having little or no class… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lumpenproletariat — Lumpenproletariat(Lumpenproletarier)n(pl) dieNichtseßhaften(Asozialen)ohneKlassenbewußtsein.1850ff,MarxundEngels …   Wörterbuch der deutschen Umgangssprache

  • Lumpenproletariat — Der Begriff Lumpenproletariat wurde von Karl Marx geprägt[1] [2] [3] und bezeichnete in der Sichtweise der organisierten Arbeiterbewegung des 19. Jahrhunderts eine soziologische Gruppierung. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Lumpenproletariat nach Karl Marx …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lumpenproletariat — Sous prolétariat Le sous prolétariat est un terme marxiste, désignant une population située socialement sous le prolétariat, du point de vue des conditions de travail et de vie, formée d éléments déclassés misérables, non organisés du prolétariat …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lumpenproletariat — Lụm|pen|pro|le|ta|ri|at 〈n. 11; unz.〉 aus allen Klassen stammendes Proletariat ohne proletarisches Klassenbewusstsein * * * Lụm|pen|pro|le|ta|ri|at, das (marx.): unterste Gesellschaftsschicht ohne Klassenbewusstsein. * * * Lumpenproletariat,  … …   Universal-Lexikon

  • lumpenproletariat — /lum peuhn proh li tair ee euht/, n. (sometimes cap.) (esp. in Marxist theory) the lowest level of the proletariat comprising unskilled workers, vagrants, and criminals and characterized by a lack of class identification and solidarity. [1920 25; …   Universalium

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